Bipolar disorder is a disorder that is characterized by elevated mood and periods of depression. The elevated mood is significant and is known as mania or hypomania depending on the severity. During mania an individual feels or acts abnormally happy, energetic, or irritable. They often make poorly thought out decisions with little regard to the consequences. Their need for sleep is usually reduced. During periods of depression there may be crying, poor eye contact with others, and a negative outlook on life. The risk of suicide among those with the disorder is high at greater than 6% over 20 years, while self-harm occurs in 30–40%. Other mental health issues such as anxiety disorder and drug misuse are commonly associated.
The cause is not clearly understood, but both genetic and environmental factors play a role. Typically many genes are involved. Environmental factors include long term stress and a history of childhood abuse. It is divided into bipolar I disorder if there is at least one manic episode and bipolar II disorder if there are at least one hypomanic episode and one major depressive episode, though if due to drugs or medical problems it is classified separately. Other conditions that may present in a similar manner include: drug misuse, personality disorders, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, and schizophrenia as well as a number of medical conditions.
Rolando Larice & Associates offers treatment for bipolar disorder in St. Louis with a wide array of services including primary care for physical wellbeing, psychiatric care for medication and psychological wellbeing, and counseling for mental wellbeing. Our multi-disciplinary team allows patients access to a comprehensive set of solutions for their treatment of bipolar disorder and ongoing care. Bipolar disorder does not have to be debilitating and can often be treated by appropriate healthcare professionals